Project History

Chronology of the Project

History of NBRP
1996 July The First Science and Technology Basic Plan was decided at the Cabinet.
2001 January RIKEN BioResource Center was established in Tsukuba.
2002 April National BioResource Project (NBRP) was started and led by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, as a part of Research Revolution 2002 (RR2002). The first phase of NBRP (22 resources) was composed of the Core Facility Upgrading Program and the Information Center Upgrading Program.
2003 April Two resources were added to the Core Facility Upgrading Program.
December The NBRP exhibition was held at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Molecular Biology Society of Japan (continued every year). The exhibition was also held in the meetings of other academic societies.
2006 June Publication of “Report for the Bioresources Upgrading Strategy”, prepared by the Working Group on Bioresources Upgrading Strategy of the Life Science Committee.
2007 April Beginning of the second phase of NBRP (27 resources).
The Genome Information Upgrading Program and the Fundamental Technology Upgrading Program were added to NBRP.
December MEXT and the NBRP Promotion Committee visited the implementation organizations of the NBRP with the aim of engaging in discussions with principal investigators and directors of the organizations (“Site Visit”).
2008 March The second phase NBRP Kick-off Symposium, titled “Bioresources that Open the Future of Life Sciences”, was held.
2009 April NBRP, which was a MEXT project, began to be operated under the Grant for Promotion of Shared Use of R&D Facilities.
August Submission of the “Report on Database Upgrading and Dissemination of Outcome Information at NBRP” and the “Report on Desired Forms of Provision Fee and Protection of Intellectual Properties at NBRP” by the working group.
2010 February Notification of “Basic Principles for Handling and Shipping Costs at NBRP”.
October The 2nd International Meeting of Asian Network of Research Resource Centers was held in Tsukuba.
2011 June Publication of “Report on Future Vision on Bioresources Upgrading” by the Life Science Committee.
August Following the Great East Japan Earthquake, the “Symposium on Disaster Mitigation on Bioresources” was held.
2012 January The 10th anniversary open symposium to report the achievements of NBRP was held.
April Beginning of the third phase of NBRP (29 resources).
November The symposium “Challenges in the Third phase of NBRP” was held.
2013 October The 5th International Meeting of Asian Network of Research Resource Centers was held in Hayama.
December Publication of “A Report on Desired Implementation of the Nagoya Protocol” (Ministry of the Environment).
2015 January The open symposium to present about the achievements of NBRP (at the middle of the third phase) was held.
April The Operation of NBRP was transferred from MEXT to the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED).
2016 May The report “Desired Future Bioresource Upgrading” was prepared by the Life Science Committee.
October The 8th International Meeting of Asian Network of Research Resource Centers was held in Kyoto.
2017 April Beginning of the fourth phase of NBRP (30 resources).
December The fourth phase NBRP Kick-off Symposium, titled “Research outcomes in basic and applied research using NBRP bioresources”, was held.
2019 December The open symposium “Forefront of life science research supported by NBRP” to present about the achievements of NBRP (at the middle of the fourth phase) was held.
2020 June NBRP has constructed labor-saving and remote monitoring (remote sensing) system in bioresource maintenance to preserved its stable activity even in the face of crises such as COVID-19.

Changes in bioresources developed by NBRP and the core facilities

Bioresource / Subject (Core facility) 1st Phase
FY2002 -2006
2nd Phase
FY2007 -2011
3rd Phase
FY2012 -2016
4th Phase
FY2017 -2021
Animals
Mice (RIKEN BRC)
Mice: ENU mutagenesis (RIKEN GSC)      
Rats(Kyoto University)
Japanese macaques (National Institute for physiological Sciences)  
Japanese macaques (Kyoto University)      
Chicken / Quail (Nagoya University)    
Xenopus tropicalis (Hiroshima University)
Zebrafish (RIKEN CBS : Former name is RIKEN BSI – FY2017)
Medaka (Nagoya University)      
Medaka (National Institute for Basic Biology)  
Ciona intestinalis / Oxycomanthus japonicus (University of Tsukuba)      
Ciona intestinalis (University of Tsukuba)    
Drosophila (Kyoto Institute of Technology)     
Drosophila (National Institute of Genetics)    
Silkworms (Kyushu University)
C. elegans (Tokyo Women’s Medical University School of Medicine)
Bioresource / Subject (Core facility) 1st Phase
FY2002 -2006
2nd Phase
FY2007 -2011
3rd Phase
FY2012 -2016
4th Phase
FY2017 -2021
Plants
Arabidopsis / Cultured plant cells, genes (RIKEN BRC)
Rice (National Institute of Genetics)
Wheat (Kyoto University)
Barley (Okayama University)
Lotus / Glycine (University of Miyazaki) 
Tomato (University of Tsukuba)  
Chrysanthemum (Hiroshima University) 
Morning glory (Kyushu University)
Bioresource / Subject (Core facility) 1st Phase
FY2002 -2006
2nd Phase
FY2007 -2011
3rd Phase
FY2012 -2016
4th Phase
FY2017 -2021
Microbes
Algae (National Institute for Environmental Studies)
Paramecium (Yamaguchi University)    
Cellular slime molds (University of Tsukuba)    
Cellular slime molds (RIKEN BDR : Former name is RIKEN QBiC  – FY2017)       
Yeast (Osaka City University)
E.coli (National Institute of Genetics)      
Prokaryotes (E.coli, B.subtilis) (National Institute of Genetics)   
General microbes (RIKEN BRC)  
Pathogenic microorganisms (Chiba University)  
Pathogenic eukaryotic microbes (Chiba University)      
Pathogenic bacteria (Gifu University)      
Bioresource / Subject (Core facility) 1st Phase
FY2002 -2006
2nd Phase
FY2007 -2011
3rd Phase
FY2012 -2016
4th Phase
FY2017 -2021
Cells / DNA materials
Cord blood stem cells for research (Tokai Univ. FY2012, 13→The Univ. of Tokyo FY2014 -)      
Cord blood cells for research (The University of Tokyo)      
Human ES cells (Kyoto University)    
Human and animal cells (RIKEN BRC)
DNA (Animals and microorganisms) (RIKEN BRC)      
DNA material (RIKEN BRC)  
Total Number of Bioresources (Animals, Plants, Microbes) 24 27 29 30
Information
Information center (National Institute of Genetics)
GAIN (Kyoto University)*
GBIF Japan node (National Museum of Nature and Science / Tokyo University)*
ABS support (NIG / Kyushu Univ. / Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. / Univ. of Tsukuba)*
FY2015-
Human resource development for external verification (JALAS)
FY2016 -2020
Bioresource / Subject (Core facility) 1st Phase
FY2002 -2006
2nd Phase
FY2007 -2011
3rd Phase
FY2012 -2016
4th Phase
FY2017 -2021

* : Sub-Core Facilities in the Information Center Upgrading Program

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